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Rainbow Valley on Mt. Everest

Rainbow Valley, a captivating yet melancholic site located on the majestic Mount Everest, bears the weight of numerous lives lost in their pursuit of conquering this towering summit. The vibrant and diverse array of jackets adorning the fallen serves as a poignant reminder of the immense difficulties and hazards inherent in such an endeavor. 

Nevertheless, amidst the tragedy that shrouds this place, a glimmer of hope emerges, beckoning for transformative change. This place in Nepal still has hope for many, Nepalese and foreigners. This article delves into the present state of Everest, explores the underlying challenges it faces, and presents actionable measures to enhance and revitalize this awe-inspiring natural marvel.

Understanding the Current Condition

Rainbow Valley reveals the environmental challenges plaguing Mount Everest, with the retreat of glaciers due to climate change being one of the most pressing concerns. The rapid melting of ice not only disrupts the surrounding ecosystem but also poses dangerous risks to climbers. Additionally, the management of waste continues to be an ongoing issue, as discarded equipment, oxygen canisters, and other debris tarnish the pristine slopes of the mountain.

Preserving Natural Resources

To restore the delicate ecosystem, numerous initiatives have been launched. Reforestation endeavors aim to replenish the vegetation that has been lost over time. By planting indigenous trees and shrubs, we can stabilize the soil, mitigate erosion, and create habitats for wildlife.

At the same time, programs focused on conserving biodiversity safeguard the unique plant and animal species that call Everest their home.

Sustainable Tourism Practices

Striking a balance between the allure of exploration and the imperative of preservation is crucial. By implementing responsible trekking guidelines, we ensure that visitors have a minimal ecological impact. Setting regulations on the number of climbers per season can help alleviate overcrowding and reduce strain on the mountain. Through the promotion of sustainable tourism practices, we can safeguard the natural beauty of Everest for generations to come.

Waste Management Solutions

The ongoing battle against waste on the slopes of Mount Everest persists. Encouraging the principle of “leave no trace” serves as a promotion to climbers and trekkers, urging them to carry out all of their waste.

Furthermore, the establishment of waste disposal infrastructure, including recycling facilities and composting stations, presents a viable solution to the ever-growing challenge of waste management. It is imperative that climbers, expedition organizers, and local communities join forces collaboratively to implement effective waste management systems.

Community Empowerment

Empowering the local communities residing in the vicinity of Mount Everest is of paramount importance for long-term sustainability. Supporting sustainable livelihoods, such as promoting eco-tourism and providing training for local guides, can enhance economic opportunities while minimizing the environmental impact. Education and awareness programs play a pivotal role in cultivating a sense of stewardship among the local population, fostering a collective endeavor to safeguard their natural heritage.

Technological Innovations

Embracing innovation is crucial in addressing the challenges faced by Mount Everest. Advanced waste management systems, such as bio-digesters and waste-to-energy solutions, can effectively mitigate the environmental impact of human presence.

Sustainable energy solutions, such as solar and wind power, offer a means to reduce dependence on fossil fuels during expeditions, further alleviating the mountain’s carbon footprint.

Safety and Risk Management

Ensuring the safety of climbers is of utmost importance. Expediting assistance in critical situations can be achieved by enhancing emergency response systems, such as helicopter rescue capabilities and communication networks. Additionally, comprehensive training and certification programs are essential to equip climbers with the necessary skills and knowledge for safe navigation on the mountain.

By strengthening safety measures, we can provide adventurers with a better experience while minimizing risks.

The Role of Education and Awareness

The foundation of promoting responsible mountaineering lies in education and awareness. By imparting knowledge to climbers and tourists about the delicate nature of the ecosystem and the significance of sustainable practices, we can cultivate a mindset of environmental consciousness.

Collaborating with mountaineering associations, travel agencies, and guides enables the integration of responsible practices into the very fabric of mountaineering culture. This ensures that future generations approach Everest with respect and a steadfast commitment to preservation.

Financial Support and Fundraising

Investing in the future of Everest necessitates financial support and dedicated fundraising efforts. Securing funding for conservation initiatives can be achieved through partnerships with government agencies, philanthropic organizations, and corporate sponsors. Collaborating with corporate sponsors not only provides financial resources but also raises awareness through joint campaigns, leveraging their extensive reach and influence for the cause.

Monitoring and Research

Continuous monitoring and research play a vital role in ensuring the long-term improvement of Mount Everest’s condition. By closely observing environmental changes, such as glacier retreat, shifts in biodiversity, and climate patterns, scientists can gather crucial data to inform conservation strategies.

Scientific studies are instrumental in identifying the most effective interventions and measuring the impact of implemented initiatives, ensuring that efforts are based on evidence and adaptable.

Government Policies and Regulations

Strengthening governance and implementing comprehensive policies are essential for the sustainable management of Mount Everest. Enforcing environmental regulations, including protocols for waste management and trekking permits, can effectively curb irresponsible practices.

Collaboration between governments, local communities, environmental experts, and international organizations is essential in formulating and executing effective strategies that give top priority to the preservation of natural resources and the promotion of sustainable tourism.

Increasing Global Understanding and Support

To ensure the restoration of Mount Everest, it is crucial to generate widespread global understanding and garner support for responsible practices. Various mediums like media campaigns, documentaries, and social media platforms play a vital role in raising public awareness regarding the challenges faced by Mount Everest and emphasizing the shared obligation to safeguard it. By involving influential figures, such as renowned climbers and celebrities, as advocates for this cause, the impact of awareness campaigns can be greatly amplified, motivating people to take meaningful actions.


What is the Rainbow Valley on Mount Everest?

The Rainbow Valley is a region situated below the northern ridge of Mount Everest. This particular area is located at an altitude exceeding 8000 meters. It is a haunting site that spans across the valley and is filled with the remains of unsuccessful climbers. Even to this day, numerous bodies are scattered throughout the expanse of the Rainbow Valley. 

Why is it called the Rainbow Valley?

The Rainbow Valley derives its name from a poignant association. The casualties who tragically lost their lives on the mountain are clad in multicolored jackets, reminiscent of a rainbow. These vibrant hues, including red, green, and blue, can be seen as the down suits of these fallen climbers emerge from beneath the snow. 

 Is Sleeping Beauty still in Mt. Everest?

Francys Arsentiev, known as the Slumbering Beauty of Mount Everest, remains on the slopes of the mountain. In 2007, the Tao of Everest Campaign, led by Cathy O’Dowd and her husband Ian Woodall, undertook the compassionate mission of recovering her lifeless body and providing it with a proper burial. 

What is the perilous zone on Everest?

Climbers who venture beyond 26,000 feet on Mount Everest enter what is known as the “death zone.” This treacherous area is characterized by severely limited oxygen, leading to the deterioration of the body’s cells and impaired judgment. Climbers are susceptible to heart attacks, strokes, and severe altitude sickness.

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Tour of the Tsum Valley

Located high up in the Manaslu region of Nepal, near the Tibetan border, the Tsum Valley is one of the unknown and most isolated valleys in Nepal. It has an extremely Tibetan Buddhist feel, quite different from the surrounding countryside. It is a difficult trek to Tsum valley because of the difficult terrain. While visiting the valley, you will be surrounded by the beautiful mountains of Mt. Ganesh, which includes Mt. Sringi and Mt. Boudha. Unfortunately, the valley does not receive many tourists since it is so difficult to access.

Few outsiders have managed to reach this Promised Land in terms of trekking to the valley, and so many things about this valley remain a mystery. However, the off-the-beaten track to the Tsum valley offers you the opportunity to take an extraordinary hike on one of the most challenging trails in the world.

About the Region

Arughat is the starting point for this beautiful Trek, which follows the trail alongside the majestic Budhi Gandaki River, passing through dense forest and gorgeous villages to reach the hidden valley of Tsum. The small hotels in the region offer basic services and facilities, but the beauty of the wide landscapes and small villages is exceptional.

Buddhist traditions believe that the Tsum Valley is one of the sacred hidden valleys of Buddhism, a place of spiritual progress and old monasteries that remain active today. Historically, people in this valley have subsisted on agriculture and yak herds, traded with Tibet, and raised barley and tended yaks. The trails lead past square chortens and walls of stones hand-carved with Buddhist prayers.

Necessary Permits and Accommodations

Mandatory permits are required for the Tsum Valley trek. The permit fee is imposed to protect the delicate ecosystem and culture of the region. MCAPs and ACAPs are also vital to the Trek. 

At the beginning of the Trek, the accommodation options consist of well-run hotels and lodges. As the Trek progresses, well-equipped hotels become more difficult to come by. These paths mainly consist of small teahouses and homestays.

Preparing for the Trek

The tallest point on the Tsum Valley trek is at an altitude of 3,700 meters. This may not be much elevation for frequent travelers, but it is still quite a change for newcomers. In addition, the Trek requires the explorers to walk for multiple days. In addition, people with lung diseases should refrain from engaging in such activities or take precautions before doing so, as the high altitudes at such altitudes are extremely difficult to adapt to. Further, altitude sickness may occur at such high altitudes.

We recommend that you bring the following items to your Trek due to the cold at high altitudes for the Trek. Our group of mates brought these things on our first trip to Tsum Valley.

  • Warm clothes, including jackets, sweaters, and thermal wears
  • Water bottles and thermos
  • Backpack
  • Portable fire stoves
  • Snow Glasses and flashlight
  • Well-fitting gloves, socks, and shoes or boots
  • Trekking sticks
  • First aid kit
  • Moisturizers and lip guard
  • Energy bars

These items can be quite useful during the Trek. You can, however, easily purchase these items at the starting point of the Trek if you forgot any of them, though the price will likely be higher than usual.

Tsum Valley Trek Itinerary 

In order to begin the Trek, we need to get to Arughat Bazaar. For foreigners, it’d be better if you get to Kathmandu after acquiring your Nepali visa. From Kathmandu, the road is paved till Dhading Besi, and then a gravel road takes you to Arughat. Furthermore, you pass the Trishuli River and the Rakhu River on your way.

From Soti Khola, you make a steep climb uphill, passing rural settlements like Armala, Lapubesi, and Khani Besi. These settlements are populated by the Gurung people, who live a unique lifestyle. As you travel through the route, you can also observe the unique landscapes and the unique flora and fauna. Finally, we stayed overnight at Machha Khola.

Today, the trail leads you across the Machha Khola and upstream along the river's edge. After crossing Tatopani, the trail leads to Dovan through a wooded area. As you continue along, you will have views of Ganesh Himal at 7,429 m and Himalchuli at 7,893 m. We stay overnight after we reach Jagat after five to six hours of hiking.

On the fourth day, the crisp morning breeze greets you as you make your way to Sirdibas and enjoy the landscape's views. As you continue up the winding trail, you pass the Gurung and Magar settlements in Philim on your way to Chisopani. The Trek follows the Budhi Gandaki River during the day and ends at Chisopani.

From Chisopani, you cross a gorge and travel through a forest of rhododendron and pine trees before heading down to Tsum Valley. Up ahead, beautiful Lokpa village can be seen, and from here, you descend to Lungwa Khola. Further along the way, the trail leads you along the serene Siyar Khola to Chumling. You spend the night there.

From Chumling, the trail passes Rainjam to reach Sarpu Khola and then descends into the hidden valley of Tsum. Ganesh Himal (7,429 m) is visible from the suspension bridge across the river. At the end of the steep climb, you will arrive at the village of Chhokang Paro. Before arriving at Chhokang Paro, you can visit a micro hydropower plant. Finally, we stayed at Chhokang Paro for the night.

We hike from Chhokang Paro on the seventh day, to Lamagau, before walking to Rachen Gompa. We continue through several villages, passing Chhule village and crossing towards the Nile.

We head towards the highest point on the Trek on this day. First, we cross close to the Tibetan border in today's trail while walking through a valley. Then, we go to the Dhepu Doma Gompa (monastery) before continuing to their overnight accommodation at Mu Gompa.

In today's 7 to 8-hour Trek, we head to Ganesh Himal Base Camp, where we are rewarded with fantastic views of the enormous Ganesh Himal. We then are driven back to Mu Gompa for the night.

Our Trek today is about 5 to 6 hours through a greener part of the country. First, we descend through the lower Tsum valley to Chumling, where we spend the night.

Today, we travel toward Lokpa, passing the beautiful Samba Falls. After that, you will find yourself on a flat trail leading off from Lokpa. Then, if you like, you can enjoy the sights of the diverse flora and fauna in the Manaslu Conservation Area. Finally, we arrive at the destination of our journey, Philim Village, where we will stay the night.

You descend the trail to Sirdibas and reach Jagat. Then, you descend even further to Yaruphant and continue on to Dovan. Soon, you get to arrive at the natural hot springs of Tatopani, where you rejuvenate yourself by enjoying a bath in the hot springs. This water is also believed to have healing properties. Then you hike on a zigzag path to Khorlabesi. Finally, we spent the night at Khorlabesi.

On this day, as you cross the Thado Khola, you descend to the Budhi Gandaki River. You walk alongside the river until you reach Lapu Besi. As you trek on, you admire the untouched beauty of waterfalls on either side. Continuing along the Budi Gandaki ridge, we pass through Khani Besi, Liding, and Soti Khola before arriving at Soti Khola, where we spend the night.

The last day of trekking takes you over the ridge of Kuerepani and down to a waterfall. Then, you pass through the Magar and Gurung villages of Kokhetar and Dhodehi as you continue trekking to Arkhet. Following the bridge crossing Arkhet Khola, the walk ends in Arughat, passing by the hydroelectricity plant.

In the end, we can follow our steps back home from Arughat. First, do not forget to acknowledge and cherish all the beautiful moments and gorgeous sceneries you experienced during the Trek as you return home.

Cost includes:

  • Arrival & Departure transport via private Car/Van/Bus.
  • Three meals per day throughout the Trek(Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner)
  • Accommodation in lodges and tea houses during the trek.
  • Nights’ accommodation in Kathmandu with B/B.
  • Trekking Guide and a porter (Shared by two clients) with Insurance, food, and accommodations.
  • Sightseeing in Kathmandu or Pokhara valley with a car and tour guide
  • First Aid kit.
  • Trekking permit (Conservation fee).
  • TIMS card (Trekking information management system) is like a permit.
  • All needed government tax/vat.

Cost excludes

  • International Airfare.
  • Your travel insurance.
  • Sightseeing entrance fees
  • Nepal Visa fee (US$ 50 for 30 days and US$ 30 for 15 days; you should get a visa open your arrival)
  • Any kind of drinks, items of personal expenses like hot shower, battery charge, telephone, missing meal, WIFI Porters, etc.
  • Tips for Guide and Porters


The itinerary mentioned above is the general plan arranged by Pokhara Info. The above itinerary is only a guideline; it might change due to availability of lodging and campsites, fluctuating weather conditions, unforeseen political, trail, and environmental, or any other factors beyond our control. After consulting with the group, your trek leader will decide the best way to reach a final decision if this occurs.

If the itinerary is unsuitable for you, please let us know, and we will customize it. We will be able to make changes to the itinerary if clients want to do so.

Finally, When you are ready to start adventures in Nepal, it is time to begin thinking about what to pack. If you are ready to book but aren’t sure when is the best time to trek or what to stay in, Pokhara Info has got you covered. You can figure out these queries through our site. We can also be found on Facebook, Instagram, and other social media sites. I hope you have a good time in Nepal and thank you for visiting!